The American Football League was formally organized
on August 14, 1959. However, the Oakland Raiders did
not become the eighth member of the new league until
January 1960, when they were selected as a replacement
for the Minneapolis franchise, which defected to the
NFL. A major initial stumbling block was the lack
of an adequate stadium in Oakland. Until the 54,616
capacity Oakland Coliseum was opened in 1966, the
Raiders had to play in Kezar Stadium and Candlestick
Park across the bay in San Francisco and in a temporary
stadium, Frank Youell Field, in Oakland. Oakland's
record for the first three years was a miserable 9-33-0.
Average home attendance was just under 11,000. Oakland
Raiders, professional football team and one of four
teams in the Western Division of the American Football
Conference (AFC) of the National Football League (NFL).
The Raiders play at Network Associates Coliseum in
Alameda, California, and wear uniforms of silver and
The Raiders were professional football’s most
consistent team from the mid-1960s through the mid-1980s,
reaching the playoffs 15 times and earning four NFL
or American Football League (AFL) titles in 19 seasons.
As AFL champions, they played in the second Super
Bowl, in 1968, and lost to the Green Bay Packers.
During John Madden’s ten years as head coach
(1969-1978), Oakland played in seven league or conference
championship games and won one Super Bowl, in 1977.
From 1980 to 1993 the team reached the postseason
eight times, winning the Super Bowl in 1981 and 1984.
The Raiders are the only team that appeared in at
least one Super Bowl each decade during the 1960s,
1970s, and 1980s.
The Raiders joined the AFL as a charter member in
1960. The team spent its first three seasons changing
stadiums and recording losing records. Al Davis, a
former assistant coach for the San Diego Chargers,
was hired as head coach and general manager in 1963.
He reorganized the Raiders, and the team improved
to a 10-4 win-loss record. Four years later, the club
captured the 1967 AFL title under head coach John
Rauch. Quarterback Daryle Lamonica won the first of
his two passing titles as Oakland advanced to the
Super Bowl to face the NFL-champion Green Bay Packers.
Green Bay won 33-14, but the Raiders had established
themselves as an AFL power. The Raiders reached the
AFL Championship Game under Rauch in 1968 and again
in 1969, this time under former Raiders assistant
coach John Madden, who had taken over the head coaching
duties. Madden was named AFL coach of the year in
1969 when, at age 32, he was the AFL’s youngest
Oakland joined the NFL in 1970 when the NFL and AFL
completed their merger. The team promptly won the
1970 Western Division crown and advanced to the AFC
Championship Game, where they lost to the Baltimore
Colts (now Indianapolis Colts). Under Madden the Raiders
gained a reputation as one of the most intimidating
teams in professional sports. Their character was
exemplified by center Jim Otto and offensive linemen
Art Shell and Gene Upshaw, who fiercely protected
quarterbacks George Blanda and Kenny Stabler. The
Raiders lost three consecutive AFC Championship Games
from 1973 to 1975 before winning the game in 1976.
In the subsequent Super Bowl, veteran wide receiver
Fred Biletnikoff played an outstanding game as the
club defeated the Minnesota Vikings, 32-14.
Madden left the Raiders after the 1978 season and
was replaced by Tom Flores, who had been the team’s
first quarterback. In Flores’s nine seasons
as head coach he led the club to five postseason appearances
and two Super Bowl championships. Quarterback Jim
Plunkett, playing his first full season in Oakland
in 1980, commanded a potent offense that also starred
wide receiver Cliff Branch and running back Mark van
Eeghen. That year the Raiders became the first wild-card
playoff team to win a Super Bowl, defeating the Philadelphia
With hopes of a better-equipped stadium and more
fan support, the Raiders franchise moved to Los Angeles,
California, following the 1981 season. At its new
home in the Los Angeles Coliseum, the team put together
a 12-4 record in 1983 and returned to the Super Bowl.
Plunkett, running back Marcus Allen, and tight end
Todd Christiansen powered an offense that crushed
its three postseason opponents by an average of 24
points. The Raiders’ defensive stars were cornerback
Lester Hayes and end Howie Long.
From 1986 to 1989 the Raiders failed to make the
playoffs. Coached by former Raider player Art Shell,
the club rebounded with three postseason appearances
in four years from 1990 to 1993. Shell was named coach
of the year in 1990. Tim Brown emerged as one of the
league’s swiftest wide receivers and most skilled
punt returners during the 1990s. Following the 1994
season Shell left the team and the Raiders moved back
to Oakland, as fan support in Los Angeles reached
an all-time low and disagreements over renovations
of the Los Angeles Coliseum continued between the
city and owner Al Davis. After the 13-year hiatus,
the Oakland City Council welcomed the team back with
a remodeled, expanded stadium and helped the franchise
pay for relocation expenses. Despite the move, the
club remained near the bottom of the division through
the mid- and late 1990s.
IV SUPER BOWL RECORD
1968 Super Bowl II Lost to Green Bay Packers, 33-14
1977 Super Bowl XI Defeated Minnesota Vikings, 32-14
1981 Super Bowl XV Defeated Philadelphia Eagles,
1984 Super Bowl XVIII Defeated Washington Redskins,
2002 Super Bowl Lost to Tampa Bay
Club Records >>
Wager on Football is your football
betting sportsbook for the Oakland Raiders football
team. You can also find information about the Oakland
Raiders superbowl odds, and the Oakland
Raiders Football Stadium and more. We're the best
sportsbook review for NFL
betting for the Oakland RaidersFootball team. We
at Wager On Football give you the best service in online
football gambling, NFL odds, with the best
NFL betting line. NFL
rules and football gambling for the Oakland Raiders.
Our review has the best NFL
betting lines and NFL
odds for your NFL
| | |